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Thread: Thắc mắc ngữ pháp, dùng từ

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    Default Thắc mắc ngữ pháp, dùng từ

    Mọi người vui lòng giúp em phân biệt cách dùng của EACH - EVERY, OTHER-ANOTHER-THE OTHER đi ạ! Thanks

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    ESE Instructor Aisti-'s Avatar
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    (Oxford – Practical English Usage)
    another and other(s)


    1
    . spelling of another
    Another
    is one word.
    He's bought another car.
    (NOT ... an other car.)

    2
    . "additional, extra"
    Another
    can mean an additional, extra. It is used with singular countable nouns.
    Could I have another piece of bread?


    Another
    can be used without a noun, or with one, if the meaning is clear from what has come before.
    Those cakes are wonderful. Could I have another (one)?


    With uncountable and plural nouns, we normally use more, not other, with this meaning.
    Would you like some more meat?
    (NOT ... other meat?)
    Would you like some more peas?
    (NOT ... other peas?)

    However, we can use another before a plural noun in expressions with few or a number.
    I'm staying for another few weeks. We need another three chairs.


    3
    . "alternative"
    (An)other
    can also mean “(an) alternative, besides / instead of this/these”.
    I think we should paint it another color.

    Have you got any other cakes, or are these the only ones?

    Other people
    often means people besides oneself”.
    Why don't you think more about other people?


    4
    . other and others
    When other is used with a noun, it has no plural form.
    Where are the other photos?
    (NOT ... the others photos?)

    But used alone, without a noun, it can have a plural form.
    I've got one lot of photos. Where are the others?

    These are too small. Have you got any others?


    Normally, other(s) is only used alone if it refers to a noun that has been mentioned before. An exception is the common plural use of (the) others to mean (the) other people.
    He never thinks of others.

    J
    ake has arrived - I must tell the others.

    BUT NOT: On the phone, one cannot see the other” OR “He never listens to another”. (wrong)

    5
    . not used like an adjective
    Other
    is a determiner or pronoun; it is not used exactly like an adjective. So it cannot normally have an adverb before it, or be used after a link verb.
    I'd prefer a completely different color.
    (NOT ... a completely other color.)
    You look different with a beard.
    (NOT You look other ... )
    ____________________

    (Longman Dictionary of Common Errors)
    • Another
    Rio has another important sights such as the famous football stadium. (wrong)
    Rio has other important sights such as the famous football stadium.
    (correct)
    another + singular:
    another child
    other + plural:
    other children


    He gave the class another homework.
    (wrong)
    He gave the class some more homework.
    (correct)
    another + singular countable noun:
    We need another chair?
    (some) more + uncountable noun:
    We need (some) more furniture.


    I hate horror films. Let's watch another. (wrong)
    I hate horror films. Let's watch something else.
    (correct)
    If Henry is busy, get another man to help you.
    (wrong)
    If Henry is busy, get someone else to help you.
    (correct)
    Can't you use another's computer?
    (wrong)
    Can't you use someone else's computer?
    (correct)
    When you mean a different person/thing/place, use someone else, something else, somewhere else.
    Example: I got fed up with the job and decided to do something else.

    There is also another point that is worth mentioning.
    (wrong)
    There is another point that is worth mentioning.
    (correct)
    Also another way to lose weight is to eat less.
    (wrong)
    Another way to lose weight is to eat less.
    (correct)
    another
    (NOT also another)
    Example: Another problem, of course, is finding a job.

    Families fall into two categories. One is the composite family;another is the nuclear family. (wrong)
    Families fall into two categories. One is the composite
    family; the other is the nuclear family. (correct)
    When you are talking about two people or things, use the other (NOT another)
    Example: One of the twins is called Youki and the other is called Azusa.

    Without a car, it takes a long time to get from a place to another. (wrong)
    Without a car, it takes a long time to get from one place to
    another. (correct)
    from one ... to another
    (NOT from a/an ... to another)
    Example:The job involves travelling from one country to another.

    · Other
    Go and play with some others children, she said. (wrong)
    Go and play with some other children,"she said. (correct)
    When used before a noun, other never has an s
    Example: Do you have any other shoes besides the brown ones?
    Compare: Besides the brown shoes, do you have any others?

    It tells us all about nouns, verbs, adjectives, and others. (wrong)
    It tells us all about such things as nouns, verbs, and adjectives. (correct)
    Do not use and othersat the end of a list of examples. In some styles, it is possible to use etc for this purpose, but in formal styles, it is safer to use such as(or such...as):
    Example: Candidates' performance in the test was influenced by factors such as age, sex, attitude, and first language.

    If you want to read more about “other/another/the others”, you can click here:
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/vietnamese/learningenglish/story/2005/08/050824_exr_questionanswer3.shtml

    ___________

    Tóm tắt:

    Another (+ Singular countable noun)
    Số ít, dùng khi nói đến một đối tượng nào đó không xác định
    There'll be another bus along in a few minutes.
    Chuyến xe bus kế tiếp sẽ có trong vài phút nữa. => chuyến xe bus nào cũng được, không xác định.
    This book is boring. Give me another. (bỏ "book" sau another vì "book" đã đề cập trong câu trước)
    Quyển sách này chán quá. Đưa tôi quyển khác xem. => quyển nào cũng được, không xác định.

    Another + few/
    cardinal number (>=2) + Plural countable noun
    "I'll need another three days to finish the work"
    Tôi cần ba ngày nữa để hoàn thành công việc.
    hay
    "She's borrowed another £20".

    Other + Plural countable noun
    Số nhiều, không xác định
    (determiner - từ hạn định -
    In grammar, a determiner is a word which is used at the beginning of a noun group to indicate, for example, which thing you are referring to or whether you are referring to one thing or several.)
    He likes travelling abroad and learning about other people's customs and traditions.

    The communique gave no other details.


    Others :(= other + plural countable noun) những .... khác
    Số nhiều, dùng khi nói đến những đối tượng nào đó không xác định.
    These books are boring. Give me others. (= Give me other books. -- Thay thế bằng others vì "books" đã đề cập ở câu trước.)
    Những quyển sách này chán quá. Đưa tôi những quyển khác xem. => tương tự câu trên nhưng số nhiều.

    The other : ...còn lại
    Xác định, số ít
    I have two brothers. One is a doctor; the other is a teacher.
    Tôi có 2 người anh. Một người là bác sĩ; người còn lại là giáo viên.

    The others : những ...còn lại
    Xác định, số nhiều
    I have 4 brothers. One is a doctor ; the others are teachers.
    Tôi có 4 người anh. Một người là bác sĩ; những người còn lại là giáo viên.

    The others = The other + Plural countable noun
    There are 5 books on the table. I don't like this book. I like the others. = (I like the other books)

    Nguyên lý cần nhớ:
    Để sử dụng tốt các chữ này sẽ xem xét các yếu tố sau:
    Xác định hay không xác định?
    (để quyết định dùng the hay không )
    Số ít hay số nhiều? (để quyết định dùng another hay other)
    Phía sau có danh từ hay không ? (để phòng khi danh từ số nhiều thì dùng other chứ không dùng others)


    (sưu tầm & bổ sung)



    Last edited by Aisti-; Nov 30, 2010 at 08:32 AM.

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    Default

    (Oxford - Practical English Usage)

    each and every: the difference

    1.
    each with two or more; every with three or more
    Each
    and every are both normally used with singular nouns. Each can be used to talk about two or more people or things; every is normally used to talk about three or more.
    The business makes less money each/every year.
    (NOT ... each/every years.)
    She had a child holding on to each hand.
    (NOT ... every hand.)

    2. meaning

    Each
    and every can often be used without much difference of meaning.
    You look more beautiful each/every time I see you.

    But we prefer each when we are thinking of people or things separately, one at a time. And every is more common when we are thinking of people or things together, in a group. (Every is closer to all.) (Nhưng chúng ta thường dùng "each" khi đề cập đến từng người hoặc vật riêng lẻ, tại từng thời điểm riêng lẻ. Và "every" thường dùng khi nói về người hay vật cùng một lúc, trong một nhóm ("every gần giống như "all"))

    So we are more likely to say:
    Each person in turn went to see the doctor.

    but
    Every patient came from the same small village.


    3. structures

    We do not use each with words and expressions like almost, practically, nearly or without exception, which stress the idea of a whole group.
    She's lost nearly every friend she had.
    (NOT ... nearly each friend ... )
    Each
    can be used in some structures where every is impossible.
    They each said what they thought.
    (BUT NOT They every... )
    Each of them spoke for five minutes.
    (BUT NOT Every of them ... )

    Last edited by Aisti-; Nov 27, 2010 at 03:34 PM.

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