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Thread: Sharing corner: IELTS Writing Overview - Task 1

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    ESE Instructor Aisti-'s Avatar
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    Default Sharing corner: IELTS Writing Overview - Task 1

    I just review something I have read.
    Would you like to share your experience about task 1 ?
    ____________________

    Task 1:

    Task Focus:

    This task assesses our ability to identify the most important and relevant information and trends in a graph, chart, table or diagram, and to give a well-organised overview of it using language accurately in an academic register or style.

    Task 1 responses are assessed on:

    • Task Achievement
    • Coherence and Cohesion
    • Lexical Resource
    • Grammatical Range and Accuracy

    Task 1 - Details
    ________
    _________
    It takes about 20 minutes. We write a report about graph, table, bar chart, diagram, or map using a minumum of 150 words.

    We are marked on task completion and use of a range of vocabulary and grammar, organisation and development.
    __________________

    Tips:

    1. Control our time:
    + 2 - 3 minutes analysing and planning.
    + 14 - 15 minutes writing
    + 2 - 3 minutes checking

    2. Control our writing:
    + Work out how many lines 150 words are in our handwriting. For example, if we write about 10 words per line, then we will need to produce at least 15 lines. Aim to write no more than 170/180 words.
    + Check that we have written at least 150 words. If we write less, it will affect our score.
    + Compare general trends, differences, etc and support this with information from the diagram. Avoid focusing too closely on the details.
    + If we have more then one graph or chart or mixture,...link the information.
    + Make sure we write in paragraphs: an introduction, one or two paragraphs for the body of the text. Then write a brief conclusion.

    _______________

    How many types ?

    - Line graph
    - Bar chart
    - Pie chart
    - Table
    - Diagram (picture)
    - Flow chart
    - Map
    - Mixture (bar chart and pie chart, line graph and pie chart,....)
    __________________

    How to write the introduction ?
    • One or two sentences are enough for the introduction.
    • Replace words in the general statement with synonyms or paraphrases where we can.
    • If we cannot quickly write our introduction in our own words, do not waste time. Write out the words in the rubric, but remember change them later.
    • Do not write the word below from the rubric in your introduction.
    • Use one of the following prompts to help us write an introduction:
    - The graph/chart/etc. shows/illustrates the trends in...between...and...
    - The graph/chart/etc. gives/provides/reveals/presents information about (the differences/changes...)
    - The graph/chart/etc. shows that (there is a number of differences between...The graph shows/illustrates how the....have differed/changed...)
    - etc.
    • Vary noun phrases. Ex: sales/purchases of different cars; sales/purchases of private vehicles; the number of various types of cars sold/purchased; car sales/purchases.
    • Use general words for the introduction: information, data, difference(s), similarities, changes, trends, results, numbers, percentages, figures, statistics, breakdown...
    __________________

    How to write the main part of the text ?
    • Divide our text into 3 - 4 paragraphs, including the introduction.
    • Divide the information into broad/general groups/categories or trends.
    • Describe the main or most striking (significant/noticeable/outstanding/remarkable) features (characteristics) differences (trends/changes). Avoid writing list of detail. Write about general trends and support what we say with specific data.
    • Describe general trends: increase, decrease, no change.
    • Use appropriate synonyms:
    + rise (v): climb, go up, increase, improve, jump, leap , move upward, rocket, skyrocket, soar, shoot up, pick up, surge, recover,...
    + rise (n): increase, climb, jump, leap, pick up, sugre (in),...
    + fall (v): collapse, decline, decrease, deteriorate, dip, dive, drop, fall (back), go down, go into free-fall, plummet, plunge, reduce (only in passive), slide, slip (back), slump, take a nosedive,...
    + fall (n): decline, decrease, deterioration, dip, drop, plunge, free-fall, slide, slip, dive, reduction, slump,...
    + fluctuate: (noun: fluctuations): be erratic, be fitful, vary, rise and fall erratically,...
    + flat: no change, constant,..
    • Add suitable adverbs:
    + Slow: steadily, slightly, slowly, gradually,....
    + Fast: dramatically, erratically, markedly, significantly, suddenly, wildly,....

    • Add specific information or examples:
    - (increasing etc.) from...to...
    - between...and...
    - with an increase from...to..../to....from...
    - Use: ....followed by....(to add more information)
    - Add time phrases --between...and...from...to...(inclusive)
    - at...by/.../in....
    - over the latter half of the year/century/decade/period
    - over the next past/previous five days/weeks/months/years/decades

    etc.

    ____________________

    How to write the conclusion ?

    - One or two sentences are enough.
    - We can use phrases: All in all, ...; On average,...; Overall,...; In conclusion,...; It is clear/evident/obvious that,....;etc.

    ____________________


    Examples:

    Describing Trends


    The share price reached a peak before falling a little and then maintaining the same level.


    Sales of product A fell slightly in the final quarter.


    The value of the shares has shown a steady decline.


    The Research and Development budget has stabilised over the past few years.


    The level of investment rose suddenly.


    At the end of the first year, sales stood at 50 percent of the present level.


    The sudden collapse in share prices has surprised everyone.


    There has been a steady increase in costs over several years.

    ************
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    Last edited by Aisti-; Aug 26, 2010 at 03:32 PM.

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    ESE Instructor mistylexy's Avatar
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    Thank you very much for posting this. It would really be of great help to those taking IELTS. Some people post their writing tasks on the thread that I made and I hope you will be able to post there too....


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    Aisti- (Aug 28, 2010)

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