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Thread: Use alternative grammatical structures

  1. #31
    ESE Instructor Aisti-'s Avatar
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    1. Research studies of vertebrates show development from a very simple heart in fish to a complex four-chamber heart in humans.
    Investigations of vertebrates demonstrate/illustrate/prove progression from an uncomplicated heart in fish to an intricate four-chamber heart in humans.

    2. When two products are fundamentally the same, advertising can influence the choice that the public makes.
    When two products are basically the same, advertising can affect the sellection that the public makes

    3.
    As a whole, in birds, the male of the species is more brilliantly colored.

    Generally, in birds, the male of the species is more vividly colored.

    4. The price of gold on the world market is subject to several variables, including but not limited to supply and demand.
    The cost of gold on the world market is affected by several changes, including but not restricted to supply and demand.

    5. The idea of a submarine is not recent, dating from the 1400s when Drebbel and da Vinci drew initial sketches.
    The notion of a submarine is not recent, dating from the inception of the fifteenth century when Drebbel and da Vinci sketched primary paintings.

    Last edited by Aisti-; Sep 17, 2010 at 10:08 PM.

  2. #32
    Under the sky ngoc_diem_131's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by ngoc_diem_131 View Post
    Execise 8


    1. Research studies of vertebrates show development from a very simple heart in fish to a complex four-chamber heart in humans.
    2. When two products are fundamentally the same, advertising can influence the choice that the public makes.
    3. As a whole, in birds, the male of the species is more brilliantly colored.
    4. The price of gold on the world market is subject to several variables, including but not limited to supply and demand.
    5. The idea of a submarine is not recent, dating from the 1400s when Drebbel and da Vinci drew initial sketches.

    1. Research studies of vertebrates show development from a very simple heart in fish to a complex four-chamber heart in humans.
    Investigations of vertebrates demonstrate evolution from a very primitive heart in fish to a complicated four-chamber heart in humans.
    2. When two products are fundamentally the same, advertising can influence the choice that the public makes.
    When two products are rudimentarily the same, advertising can affect the decision that the public makes.
    3. As a whole, in birds, the male of the species is more brilliantly colored.
    In general, in bards, the male of species is vividly colored.
    4. The price of gold on the world market is subject to several variables, including but not limited to supply and demand.
    The value of gold on the world market depends on several determinants, including but not restricted to supply and demand.
    5. The idea of a submarine is not recent, dating from the 1400s when Drebbel and da Vinci drew initial sketches.
    The concept of a submarine is not new, dating from the fifteen century when Drebbel and da Vinci made preliminary drawings.


  3. #33
    Under the sky ngoc_diem_131's Avatar
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    Exercise 9


    Comparison in action



    Problem set

    In each of the following 5 sentences, bold all comparison signals and underline the items being compared. Then rewrite each sentence ensuring that the items are logically and structurally similar.

    Example
    Original: As with other children in her neighborhood who were home-schooled, Joan sometimes missed being in a classroom with her peers.
    Correct: Like other children in her neighborhood who were home-schooled, Joan sometimes missed being in a classroom with her peers.



    1. In contrast to trapeze artists who fumbled their routine, the anties of the circus clowns kept audience entertained for hours.
    2. The clothes hanging on the racks inside the store looked more appealing than in the store window.
    3. There are about the equivalent number of gym members in the boxing class as in the aerobics class.
    4. Brett decided to use his own money, but not his parents’ credit card to pay for the stereo.
    5. Julia was able to climb the tree so fast as her brothers.


  4. #34
    ESE Student cherry_blossom262's Avatar
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    Hello Ngoc Diem!
    Thank you for your topic here!

    1.In contrast to trapeze artists who fumbled their routine, the anties of the circus clowns kept audience entertained for hours.
    à Unlike trapeze artists who fumbled their routine, the anties of the circus clowns kept audience entertained for hours.

    2.The clothes hanging on the racks inside the store looked more appealing than in the store window.
    à The clothes hanging on the racks in the store window did not look as appealing as on the racks inside the store.

    3.There are about the equivalent number of gym members in the boxing class as in the aerobics class.
    à The number of gym members in the boxing class is nearly as many as in the aerobics class.

    4.Brett decided to use his own money, but not his parents’ credit card to pay for the stereo.
    à Although Brett decided to use his own money, he did not object to his parents’ credit card to pay for the stereo.

    5.Julia was able to climb the tree so fast as her brothers.
    à Both Julia and her brothers were able to climb the tree with the same fast speed.

    P/s: I am not sure of the my understanding of the four sentence. I am look forward to your response to my answer. Thank you so much and have a nice day!


  5. #35
    Under the sky ngoc_diem_131's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by ngoc_diem_131 View Post
    Exercise 9



    Comparison in action



    Problem set

    In each of the following 5 sentences, bold all comparison signals and underline the items being compared. Then rewrite each sentence ensuring that the items are logically and structurally similar.

    Example
    Original: As with other children in her neighborhood who were home-schooled, Joan sometimes missed being in a classroom with her peers.
    Correct: Like other children in her neighborhood who were home-schooled, Joan sometimes missed being in a classroom with her peers.



    1. In contrast to trapeze artists who fumbled their routine, the anties of the circus clowns kept audience entertained for hours.
    2. The clothes hanging on the racks inside the store looked more appealing than in the store window.
    3. There are about the equivalent number of gym members in the boxing class as in the aerobics class.
    4. Brett decided to use his own money, but not his parents’ credit card to pay for the stereo.
    5. Julia was able to climb the tree so fast as her brothers.
    1. In contrast to trapeze artists who fumbled their routine, the anties of the circus clowns kept audience entertained for hours.
    In contrast to trapeze artists who fumbled their routine, the circus clowns kept audience entertained for hours.

    2. The clothes hanging on the racks inside the store looked more appealing than in the store window.
    The clothes hanging on the racks inside the store looked more appealing than those in the store window.

    3. There are about the equivalent number of gym members in the boxing class as in the aerobics class.
    There are about as many gyms members in the boxing class as there are in the aerobics class.

    4. Brett decided to use his own money, but not his parents’ credit card to pay for the stereo.
    Brett decided to use his own money rather than his parents’ credit card to pay for the stereo.

    5. Julia was able to climb the tree so fast as her brothers.
    Julia was about to climb the tree as fast as her brothers did.


  6. #36
    Under the sky ngoc_diem_131's Avatar
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    Exercise 9




    Comparison in action



    Problem set

    In each of the following 5 sentences, bold all comparison signals and underline the items being compared. Then rewrite each sentence ensuring that the items are logically and structurally similar.

    Example
    Original: As with other children in her neighborhood who were home-schooled, Joan sometimes missed being in a classroom with her peers.
    Correct: Like other children in her neighborhood who were home-schooled, Joan sometimes missed being in a classroom with her peers.




    6. The blue dress looks more flattering on you than the red one.
    7. Three times more students attended the prom this year than last year.
    8. Joe went to bed early because his will to succeed in the race the following morning was greater than playing pool with his friends.
    9. Sam was away on vacation longer than his friends.
    10. Most of the audience did not enjoy the concert, likening it to grinding up metal.

    Last edited by ngoc_diem_131; Sep 18, 2010 at 08:16 PM.

  7. #37
    ESE Instructor Aisti-'s Avatar
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    6. The blue dress looks more flattering on you than the red one.
    The blue dress looks more flattering on you than the red one does.

    7. Three times more students attended the prom this year than last year.
    Three times more students attended the prom this year than did last year.

    8. Joe went to bed early because his will to succeed in the race the following morning was greater than playing pool with his friends.
    Joe went to bed early because his will to succeed in the race the following morning was greater than his inclination to play pool with his friends.

    9. Sam was away on vacation longer than his friends.
    Sam was away on vacation longer than his friends were.

    10. Most of the audience did not enjoy the concert, likening it to grinding up metal.
    I have no idea. (?)


  8. #38
    Under the sky ngoc_diem_131's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by ngoc_diem_131 View Post
    Exercise 9






    Comparison in action



    Problem set


    In each of the following 5 sentences, bold all comparison signals and underline the items being compared. Then rewrite each sentence ensuring that the items are logically and structurally similar.

    Example
    Original: As with other children in her neighborhood who were home-schooled, Joan sometimes missed being in a classroom with her peers.
    Correct: Like other children in her neighborhood who were home-schooled, Joan sometimes missed being in a classroom with her peers.




    6. The blue dress looks more flattering on you than the red one.
    7. Three times more students attended the prom this year than last year.
    8. Joe went to bed early because his will to succeed in the race the following morning was greater than playing pool with his friends.
    9. Sam was away on vacation longer than his friends.
    10. Most of the audience did not enjoy the concert, likening it to grinding up metal.


    6. The blue dress looks more flattering on you than the red one.
    The blue dress looks more flattering on you than the red one does.



    7. Three times more students attended the prom this year than last year.
    Three times more students attended the prom this year than didlast year.

    8. Joe went to bed early because his will to succeed in the race the following morning was greater than playing pool with his friends.
    Joe went to bed early because his will to succeed in the race the following morning was greater than his desire to play pool with his friends.


    9. Sam was away on vacation longer than his friends.
    Sam was away on vacation longer than his friends were.

    10. Most of the audience did not enjoy the concert, likening it to grinding up metal.
    Most of the audience did not enjoy the concert, likening it to the grind of metal.


    Last edited by ngoc_diem_131; Sep 22, 2010 at 10:34 PM.

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