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Thread: Use alternative grammatical structures

  1. #11
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    Exercise 4

    Comparison

    Example:
    Origin: Although they are smaller in size, for the most part, chipmunks are like the most other ground squirrels.
    Restatement: Chipmunks are mostly like other ground squirrels except for their smaller size.



    1. Viruses and the first life forms that appeared on Earth millions of years ago have a similar structure.
    2. The lungs have a higher oxygen concentration than the blood does.
    3. The Indian Ocean is smaller but deeper than the Atlantic Ocean.
    4. Picasso’s work was not the same during various artistic periods.
    5. The difference in the gravitational attraction of various places on the Earth’s surface is the reason that the weight of objects is not the same.


  2. #12
    ESE Instructor Aisti-'s Avatar
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    1. Viruses and the first life forms that appeared on Earth millions of years ago have a similar structure.
    Appearing on the Earth millions of years ago, the first life forms have the same structure as the viruses.

    2. The lungs have a higher oxygen concentration than the blood does.
    The blood has a lower oxygen concentration than the lungs do.
    The oxygen concentration of the lungs is higher than that of the blood.

    3. The Indian Ocean is smaller but deeper than the Atlantic Ocean.
    The Atlantic Ocean is bigger but shallower than the Indian Ocean.

    4. Picasso’s work was not the same during various artistic periods.
    Picasso's work was different throughout various artistic periods.

    5. The difference in the gravitational attraction of various places on the Earth’s surface is the reason that the weight of objects is not the same.
    As a result of being different in the gravitational attraction of various places on the Earth's surface is that the weight of objects is distinct. (?)
    The weight of objects is distinct as a result of being different in the gravitational attraction of various places on the Earth's surface. (?)
    As a result of being different in the gravitational attraction of various places on the Earth's surface, the weight of objects is distinct.
    Because of the difference in the gravitational attraction of various places on the Earth's surface, the weight of objects is not similar.
    The weight of objects is not the same due to the difference in the gravitational attraction of various places on the Earth's surface.

    Last edited by Aisti-; Sep 8, 2010 at 09:22 PM.

  3. #13
    Under the sky ngoc_diem_131's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by ngoc_diem_131 View Post
    Exercise 4


    Comparison

    Example:
    Origin: Although they are smaller in size, for the most part, chipmunks are like the most other ground squirrels.
    Restatement: Chipmunks are mostly like other ground squirrels except for their smaller size.



    1. Viruses and the first life forms that appeared on Earth millions of years ago have a similar structure.
    2. The lungs have a higher oxygen concentration than the blood does.
    3. The Indian Ocean is smaller but deeper than the Atlantic Ocean.
    4. Picasso’s work was not the same during various artistic periods.
    5. The difference in the gravitational attraction of various places on the Earth’s surface is the reason that the weight of objects is not the same.
    1. Viruses and the first life forms that appeared on Earth millions of years ago have a similar structure.
    Viruses have the same structure as the first life forms appeared on Earth millions of years ago.
    2. The lungs have a higher oxygen concentration than the blood does.
    The blood doesn’t have as high oxygen concentration as the lungs do.
    The oxygen concentration in the blood is low than that in the lungs.
    3. The Indian Ocean is smaller but deeper than the Atlantic Ocean.
    Compared to the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean is smaller but deeper.
    The Atlantic Ocean is larger but not deeper than the Indian Ocean.
    4. Picasso’s work was not the same during various artistic periods.
    None of Picasso’s work was the same during various artistic periods.
    5. The difference in the gravitational attraction of various places on the Earth’s surface is the reason that the weight of objects is not the same.
    The difference in the gravitational attraction of various places on the Earth’s surface makes the weight of objects different


  4. #14
    Under the sky ngoc_diem_131's Avatar
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    Exercise 5

    Concession
    Example
    Origin: Although old paint tends to yellow with age, tempera colors retain their vibrancy for centuries.
    Restatement: Oil paint tends to yellow with age, but tempera colors retain their vibrancy for centuries.

    1. Whereas insulin levels are close to or above normal in type 2 diabetes, target cells cannot respond adequately.

    2. Although the idea of an English language academy is regularly proposed, the response has never been very positive.

    3. Even though the Jovian planets are grouped together, each one has had a very different evolutionary history.

    4. Despite the advantage that young people enjoy for recall in vocabulary studies, older people appear to be better at work recognition.

    5. In spite of the fact that interviews are the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, they tend to have low validity.


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    ESE Instructor Aisti-'s Avatar
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    1. Whereas insulin levels are close to or above normal in type 2 diabetes, target cells cannot respond adequately.
    While insulin levels are close to or above normal in type 2 diabetes, target cells cannot respond adequately.

    2. Although the idea of an English language academy is regularly proposed, the response has never been very positive.
    The idea of an English language academy is regularly proposed, but the response has never been very positive.

    3. Even though the Jovian planets are grouped together, each one has had a very different evolutionary history.
    Although the Jovian planets are grouped together, each one has had a very different evolutionary history.
    The Jovian planets are grouped together, but each one has had a very different evolutionary history.
    It is very different in the evolutionary history of each Jovian planet in spite of being grouped together. (?)

    4. Despite the advantage that young people enjoy for recall in vocabulary studies, older people appear to be better at work recognition.
    In spite of the advantange that young people enjoy for recall in vocabulary studies, older people appear to be better at work recognition.
    Young people enjoy the advantage of recall in vocabulary studies, but older people appear to be better at work recognition.

    5.
    In spite of the fact that interviews are the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, they tend to have low validity.
    In spite of/ Despite being the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, interviews tend to have low validity.
    Interviews are the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, but they tend to have low validity.
    Although/Even though interviews are the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, they tend to have low validity.


    Last edited by Aisti-; Sep 9, 2010 at 10:52 AM.

  6. #16
    Under the sky ngoc_diem_131's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Aisti- View Post
    1. Whereas insulin levels are close to or above normal in type 2 diabetes, target cells cannot respond adequately.
    Quote Originally Posted by Aisti- View Post
    While insulin levels are close to or above normal in type 2 diabetes, target cells cannot respond adequately.

    2. Although the idea of an English language academy is regularly proposed, the response has never been very positive.
    The idea of an English language academy is regularly proposed, but the response has never been very positive.

    3. Even though the Jovian planets are grouped together, each one has had a very different evolutionary history.
    Although the Jovian planets are grouped together, each one has had a very different evolutionary history.
    The Jovian planets are grouped together, but each one has had a very different evolutionary history.
    It is very different in the evolutionary history of each Jovian planet in spite of being grouped together. (?)

    4. Despite the advantage that young people enjoy for recall in vocabulary studies, older people appear to be better at work recognition.
    In spite of the advantange that young people enjoy for recall in vocabulary studies, older people appear to be better at work recognition.
    Young people enjoy the advantage of recall in vocabulary studies, but older people appear to be better at work recognition.

    5.In spite of the fact that interviews are the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, they tend to have low validity.
    In spite of/ Despite being the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, interviews tend to have low validity.
    Interviews are the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, but they tend to have low validity.
    Although/Even though interviews are the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, they tend to have low validity.


    1. Whereas insulin levels are close to or above normal in type 2 diabetes, target cells cannot respond adequately.
    While insulin levels are close to or above normal in type 2 diabetes, target cells cannot respond adequately.

    Whereas here means because. Your changing into while would make the meaning of original sentence change. One more thing is you should change the structure of the sentence, not just only replace some words on it.

    2. Although the idea of an English language academy is regularly proposed, the response has never been very positive.
    The idea of an English language academy is regularly proposed, but the response has never been very positive.



    3. Even though the Jovian planets are grouped together, each one has had a very different evolutionary history.
    Although the Jovian planets are grouped together, each one has had a very different evolutionary history. (* )
    The Jovian planets are grouped together, but each one has had a very different evolutionary history.
    It is very different in the evolutionary history of each Jovian planet in spite of being grouped together. (?)

    4. Despite the advantage that young people enjoy for recall in vocabulary studies, older people appear to be better at work recognition.
    In spite of the advantage that young people enjoy for recall in vocabulary studies, older people appear to be better at work recognition.
    Young people enjoy the advantage of recall in vocabulary studies, but older people appear to be better at work recognition. (* )

    5. In spite of the fact that interviews are the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, they tend to have low validity.
    In spite of/ Despite being the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, interviews tend to have low validity.
    Interviews are the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, but they tend to have low validity.
    Although/Even though interviews are the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, they tend to have low validity.



    Last edited by ngoc_diem_131; Sep 9, 2010 at 08:41 PM.

  7. #17
    Under the sky ngoc_diem_131's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by ngoc_diem_131 View Post
    Exercise 5

    Concession
    Example
    Origin: Although old paint tends to yellow with age, tempera colors retain their vibrancy for centuries.
    Restatement: Oil paint tends to yellow with age, but tempera colors retain their vibrancy for centuries.

    1. Whereas insulin levels are close to or above normal in type 2 diabetes, target cells cannot respond adequately.

    2. Although the idea of an English language academy is regularly proposed, the response has never been very positive.

    3. Even though the Jovian planets are grouped together, each one has had a very different evolutionary history.

    4. Despite the advantage that young people enjoy for recall in vocabulary studies, older people appear to be better at work recognition.

    5. In spite of the fact that interviews are the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, they tend to have low validity.
    1. Whereas insulin levels are close to or above normal in type 2 diabetes, target cells cannot respond adequately.
    If insulin levels are lower than normal in type 2 diabetes, target cells responds adequately.

    2. Although the idea of an English language academy is regularly proposed, the response has never been very positive.
    Despite the regular proposal of an English language academy, the response has never been very positive.
    3. Even though the Jovian planets are grouped together, each one has had a very different evolutionary history.
    The Jovian planets are grouped together; each one, however, has had a very different evolutionary history.
    4. Despite the advantage that young people enjoy for recall in vocabulary studies, older people appear to be better at work recognition.
    Young people enjoy for recall in vocabulary studies, but older people appear to be better at work recognition.
    5. In spite of the fact that interviews are the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, they tend to have low validity.
    Although interviews are the most common strategy for assessing job applicants, they tend to have low validity.


  8. #18
    Under the sky ngoc_diem_131's Avatar
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    Exercise 6
    Negative

    Example
    Origin: The addiction to gambling is not unlike the addiction to substance.
    Restatement: The addiction to gambling is like the addiction to substance.

    1. Not only has the geyser known as Old Faithful failed to erupt on time.
    2. Nonstandard dialects are not used as educational models in schools.
    3. Never has there been such wide access to news from so many media.
    4. The construction of a city on the ruins of a previous settlement is not uncommon.
    5. Not until the Triassic Period did the first primitive mammals develop.


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    ESE Instructor Aisti-'s Avatar
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    1. Not only has the geyser known as Old Faithful failed to erupt on time.
    - The geyser, not only knowing as Old Faithful failed, has erupted on time. (?)
    -The geyser has not only known as Old Faithful failed to erupt on time.

    2.
    Nonstandard dialects are not used as educational models in schools.

    - Standard dialects are used as educational models in schools.

    3. Never has there been such wide access to news from so many media.
    - There has never been such wide access to news from so many media.
    - Access to news from so many media has never been wide.

    4. The construction of a city on the ruins of a previous settlement is not uncommon.
    The construction of a city on the ruins of a previous settlement is common.

    5. Not until the Triassic Period did the first primitive mammals develop.
    The first primitive mammals didn't develope until the Triassic Period.


    Last edited by Aisti-; Sep 10, 2010 at 08:21 AM.

  10. #20
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    Quote Originally Posted by Aisti- View Post
    1. Not only has the geyser known as Old Faithful failed to erupt on time.
    - The geyser, not only knowing as Old Faithful failed, has erupted on time. (?)
    -The geyser has not only known as Old Faithful failed to erupt on time.

    2.
    Nonstandard dialects are not used as educational models in schools.
    - Standard dialects are used as educational models in schools.

    3. Never has there been such wide access to news from so many media.
    - There has never been such wide access to news from so many media.
    - Access to news from so many media has never been wide.

    4. The construction of a city on the ruins of a previous settlement is not uncommon.
    The construction of a city on the ruins of a previous settlement is common.

    5. Not until the Triassic Period did the first primitive mammals develop.
    The first primitive mammals didn't develope until the Triassic Period.

    1. Not only has the geyser known as Old Faithful failed to erupt on time.
    - The geyser, not only knowing as Old Faithful failed, has erupted on time. (?)
    (??????)
    -The geyser has not only known as Old Faithful failed to erupt on time.


    You seem to misunderstand the original meaning of the sentence. You can fragment this one into
    Not only has the geyser, which is known as Old Faithful, failed to erupt on time.
    This grammatical structure is called inversion, you can find more information about inversion on this site http://www.fullspate.net/grammar/inversions_in_english.html


    2. Nonstandard dialects are not used as educational models in schools.

    - Standard dialects are used as educational models in schools.

    3.Never has there been such wide access to news from so many media.
    - There has never been such wide access to news from so many media.
    - Access to news from so many media has never been wide.
    (???)

    4.The construction of a city on the ruins of a previous settlement is not uncommon.
    The construction of a city on the ruins of a previous settlement is common.

    5.Not until the Triassic Period did the first primitive mammals develop.
    The first primitive mammals didn't develop until the Triassic Period.


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