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Thread: Food Safety

  1. #1
    ESE Student
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    January 2010
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    Default Food Safety

    The Truth About Food Safety

    Many people do not think about food safety until they get food poisoning, also known as foodborne illness. Fortunately, our country's food supple is one of the safest in the world. Still, foodborne illnesses are fairly common. Each year in the U.S., foodborne illnesses afflict 76 million people, more than 300,000 of those people are hospitalized, and 5,000 people die.

    Who is at Risk?

    Healthy adults normally recover from foodborne illnesses in a couple of days to a couple of weeks. Vulnerable populations are at an increased risk for complications resulting form foodborne illness. Examples of vulnerable populations are:

    - Children (5 and under)
    - Elderly (65 and over)
    - Pregnant Women
    - Immune Compromised Individual (such as those on immune suppressing drugs and chemo-therapy patients).

    Vocabulary:

    food poisoning: ngộ độc thực phẩm

    foodborne illness: bệnh do thực phẩm gây ra

    afflict = affect : ảnh hưởng tới, ( gây bệnh cho)

    vulnerable: dễ bị tổn thương.

    chemo-therapy patient: bệnh nhân đang được hóa trị.

    immnune compromised individual: những cá nhân có hệ miễn dịch dễ bị thương tổn (đang yếu)





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  2. #2
    ESE Student
    Join Date
    January 2010
    Posts
    22

    Default

    What Causes a Foodborne Illness?

    Foodborne Illnesses are caused when food becomes contaminated with disease causing bacteria or viruses. When left unchecked, they reproduce quickly to levels that can cause illness in people. A person can become sick when they eat food containing disease causing bacteria, viruses or toxins.

    How Does Bacteria Get in Our Food in the First Place?


    Food may become contaminated in a number of ways:

    - Food becomes contaminated when bacteria is transferred to the food by unclean hands, dirty utensils, or when the food has come into contact with a surface that is dirty and unsanitary that may be harboring bacteria.

    - Food becomes contaminated when it comes into contact with a utensil or surface that has raw meat juices on it.

    - Raw meat contains naturally occurring bacteria and must be thoroughly cooked in order to kill all the disease causing bacteria.

    Vocabulary:

    contaminated: (adj) bị nhiễm bẩn

    reproduce: (v) tái sinh, tái sinh sôi nẩy nở

    utensils : (n) dụng cụ làm bếp

    thoroughly: (adv) hoàn toàn, rất - thoroughly cooked : được nấu kỹ.