PDA

View Full Version : Chương Trình Luyện Âm 2012 Lesson 5 - Stops & Continuants



OoSoOSwtJenna
Jan 31, 2012, 08:42 AM
Làm thế nào để tự học khi không có giảng viên:
1) Chọn một bài học tiếng Anh trong diễn đàn này bằng cách nhấp vào liên kết sau mỗi tiêu đề tại http://tienganh.net/showthread.php?t=6616.
2) Thực hiện theo các hướng dẫn bài học và lắng nghe và lặp lại với audio.
3) Nếu bạn không thể nghe các bài học trong diễn đàn này, bạn có thể nghe tất cả các bài học trong phòng "English Sharing Experience" trên Paltalk.
4) Nếu bạn không có Paltalk, bạn có thể tải nó tại www.Paltalk.com (http://www.paltalk.com/) và làm theo hướng dẫn http://tienganh.net/showthread.php?t=1814 (http://tienganh.net/showthread.php?t=1814)
5) ) Nếu bạn cần thêm hướng dẫn hoặc giúp đỡ, xin liên lạc với OoSoOSwtJenna trên Paltak hoặc trả lời chủ đề này.
Để xem thêm tất cả các bài học Anh Văn, xin vui lòng bấm vào link http://tienganh.net/showthread.php?t=6616 (http://tienganh.net/showthread.php?t=6616) . Các chương trình này rất hữu ích cho các bạn mới học Anh Văn. Chúc bạn siêng năng và kiên nhẫn học tập.



<object data="http://abfiles.s3.amazonaws.com/swf/fullsize_player.swf" height="129" id="boo_embed_646696" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="400"><param name="movie" value="http://abfiles.s3.amazonaws.com/swf/fullsize_player.swf" /><param name="scale" value="noscale" /><param name="salign" value="lt" /><param name="bgColor" value="#FFFFFF" /><param name="allowScriptAccess" value="always" /><param name="wmode" value="window" /><param name="FlashVars" value="mp3=http%3A%2F%2Faudioboo.fm%2Fboos%2F646696-ch-ng-trinh-luy-n-am-2012-lesson-5a-stops-continuants.mp3%3Fkeyed%3Dtrue%26source%3Dembed&amp;mp 3Title=Chương+Trình+Luyện+Âm+2012+Lesson+5a+-+Stops+%26+Continuants&amp;mp3Time=01.40am+31+Jan+2012 &amp;mp3LinkURL=http%3A%2F%2Faudioboo.fm%2Fboos%2F6466 96-ch-ng-trinh-luy-n-am-2012-lesson-5a-stops-continuants&amp;mp3Author=ESE-Audio&amp;rootID=boo_embed_646696" /><a href="http://audioboo.fm/boos/646696-ch-ng-trinh-luy-n-am-2012-lesson-5a-stops-continuants.mp3?keyed=true&amp;source=embed">Chương Trình Luyện Âm 2012 Lesson 5a - Stops &amp; Continuants (mp3)</a></object>

Consonants can either be "stops" or "continuants," depending on whether the airflow is stopped or if it is continued. For example, when we say the /s/ sound we can prolong it by saying "yesssssssssssssssss." The /s/ sound is considered a continuant because the air flow can continue as long as we have air in our lungs. But if we say a word like "job," we cannot continue the final consonant /b/. We stop the airflow by closing our lips. therefore, /b/ is a stop. If we quickly open our lips, we can then "release" the stop and say job.

American generally do not release many of the final stops. For example, when they say the sound /p/ in the word stop, the lips stay closed. No air comes out. This creates almost a silent version of the sound /p/, or a half p. We know the p is there, but we don't hear all of it. If the lips were released, there would be a slight puff of air.

Let's try another stop: the sound /g/. When you say the word big, don't release the /g/. Make sure that your tongue remains up in the back of your mouth when you are done saying the word.



<object data="http://abfiles.s3.amazonaws.com/swf/fullsize_player.swf" height="129" id="boo_embed_646699" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="400"><param name="movie" value="http://abfiles.s3.amazonaws.com/swf/fullsize_player.swf" /><param name="scale" value="noscale" /><param name="salign" value="lt" /><param name="bgColor" value="#FFFFFF" /><param name="allowScriptAccess" value="always" /><param name="wmode" value="window" /><param name="FlashVars" value="mp3=http%3A%2F%2Faudioboo.fm%2Fboos%2F646699-ch-ng-trinh-luy-n-am-2012-lesson-5b-stops-continuants.mp3%3Fkeyed%3Dtrue%26source%3Dembed&amp;mp 3Title=Chương+Trình+Luyện+Âm+2012+Lesson+5b+-+Stops+%26+Continuants&amp;mp3Time=01.41am+31+Jan+2012 &amp;mp3LinkURL=http%3A%2F%2Faudioboo.fm%2Fboos%2F6466 99-ch-ng-trinh-luy-n-am-2012-lesson-5b-stops-continuants&amp;mp3Author=ESE-Audio&amp;rootID=boo_embed_646699" /><a href="http://audioboo.fm/boos/646699-ch-ng-trinh-luy-n-am-2012-lesson-5b-stops-continuants.mp3?keyed=true&amp;source=embed">Chương Trình Luyện Âm 2012 Lesson 5b - Stops &amp; Continuants (mp3)</a></object>

Words for Practice
Pay special attention to the final consonants as you pronounced the words in each column.

<tbody>
final /p/
final /b/
final /d/
final /d/


1. stop
club
married
that


2. cup
job
played
sat


3. up
sub
sad
it


4. shop
tub
dad
cut

</tbody>



Final Stops Followed by Consonants
The final stop is always held when the next word within the same sentence begins with a consonant. However, when a word with the final stop is at the end of a sentence, the rule is much more flexible. The final sound can either be held or released.

Word Pairs for Practice - make sure you hold the final consonant of the first word of the pair.
1. help him
2. keep talking
3. did that
4. could go
5. stop that
6. job market
7. big park
8. cup cake